Photostability study of multicomponent drug formulations via MCR-ALS: The case of the hydrochlorothiazide-amiloride mixture


De Luca M, et al. J Pharm Biomed Anal 2020.


The kinetics and photodegradation mechanism of the pharmaceutical mixture of hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) and amiloride (AML) has been studied in depth using a chemometric approach. Water solutions of HCT and AML, separately or in binary mixtures, were irradiated with forced light at different pH values (3, 7, 9 and 12). Multivariate Curve Resolution - Alternating Least Squares (MCR-ALS) modelling has been applied to the experimental data recorded by UV spectrophotometry and HPLC-UV/MS. 78 data

sets were collected and their chemometric processing has allowed the simultaneous determination of the behaviour of the two drugs in the mixture when exposed to light and the dependence of their photodegradation kinetics on pH. MCR-ALS has been applied using three different implementations. Soft-MCR-ALS and hybrid Hard/Soft-MCR-ALS have been used to resolve the experimental data and to get the equilibrium and kinetic parameters of the investigated chemical processes. A third implementation of the MCR-ALS method has been used in the analysis of the incomplete data sets obtained when UV spectrophotometric and HPLC-UV/MS data were simultaneously analysed, using a row- and column-wise incomplete augmented data matrix arrangement. In these matrices, information from HPLC-UV detector was used as a bridge between the data recorded by UV spectrophotometry (acid-base and kinetic reactions monitoring) and the data obtained by HPLC-MS.