Yamaguchi T, et al. Asian J Endosc Surg 2020.
A 58-year-old man had rectal cancer directly invading the urinary bladder and small intestine, without distant metastasis. We successfully performed complete resection using a hybrid approach, including laparoscopic surgery and transanal total pelvic exenteration (TaTPE) with the patient in the prone jackknife (PJK) position. In the PJK position, gravity and pelvic morphology lead to a clear and wide surgical field. This case demonstrates that total pelvic exenteration using laparoscopic surgery
and TaTPE in the PJK position provides a better surgical field than either TaTPE or laparoscopic surgery in the supine position. TaTPE in the PJK position may also be useful for curative surgery in locally advanced rectal cancer.