Biodistribution, dosimetry, and temporal signal-to-noise ratio analyses of normal and cancer uptake of [(68)Ga]Ga-P15-041, a gallium-68 labeled bisphosphonate, from first-in-human studies

Bladder Cancer

Doot RK, et al. Nucl Med Biol 2020.


INTRODUCTION: [68Ga]Ga-P15-041 ([68Ga]Ga-HBED-CC-BP) is a novel bone-seeking PET radiotracer that can be generator-produced. We undertook a Phase 0/I clinical trial to assess its potential for imaging bone metastases in prostate cancer including assessment of radiotracer biodistribution and dosimetry.

METHODS: Subjects with prostate cancer and known or suspected osseous metastatic disease were enrolled into one of two arms: dosimetry or dynamic. Dosimetry was performed with 6 whole body PET acquisitions and urine collection spanning 3 h; normal organ dosimetry was calculated using OLINDA/EXM. Dynamic imaging included a 60 min acquisition over a site of known or suspected disease followed by two whole body scans. Bootstrapping and subsampling of the acquired list-mode data were conducted to recommend image acquisition parameters for future clinical trials.

RESULTS: Up to 233 MBq (6.3 mCi) of [68Ga]Ga-P15-041 was injected into 12 enrolled volunteers, 8 in dosimetry and 4 in dynamic cohorts. Radiotracer accumulated in known bone lesions and cleared rapidly from blood and soft tissue. The highest individual organ dose was 0.135 mSv/MBq in the urinary bladder wall. The average effective dose was 0.0173 ± 0.0036 mSv/MBq. An average injected activity of 166.5 MBq (4.5 mCi) resulted in absorbed dose estimates of 22.5 mSv to the urinary bladder wall, 8.2 mSv to the kidneys, and an effective dose of 2.9 mSv. Lesion signal to noise ratios on images generated from subsampled data were significantly higher for injected activities above 74 MBq (2 mCi) and were also significantly higher for imaging at 90 min than at 180 min post-injection.

CONCLUSIONS: Dosimetry estimates are acceptable and [68Ga]Ga-P15-041 uptake characteristics in patients with confirmed bone metastases support its continued development.

ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PATIENT CARE: Use of [68Ga]Ga-P15-041 would not require cyclotron infrastructure for manufacturing and distribution, allowing for improved patient access to a promising PET bone imaging agent.