Mao F, et al. J Clin Lab Anal 2020.
BACKGROUND: A host of studies show Leptin (LEP) G19A polymorphism is correlated with the risk of various cancers, but the connection of this polymorphism with bladder cancer (BC) risk has not been reported.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This association was in explored in a case-control study involving 355 BC cases and 435 controls (all Chinese Han). Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was conducted to genotype LEP G19A polymorphism. Analyses of allele and genotype distribution were evaluated using chi-square test. Continuous data were assessed by an independent samples t test or one-way ANOVA test. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were determined by logistic regression.
RESULTS: LEP G19A polymorphism was significantly associated with a lower risk of BC (AA vs GG: adjusted OR, 0.40, 95% CI, 0.20-0.83, P = .013; AA + GA vs GG: adjusted OR, 0.70, 95% CI, 0.52-0.93, P = .015; AA vs GA + GG: adjusted OR, 0.45, 95% CI, 0.22-0.91, P = .026). In addition, A allele was associated with decreased risk for BC (A vs G: OR, 0.70, 95% CI, 0.55-0.89, P = .003). Stratified analyses by females, non-drinkers, and non-smokers all returned considerable relations. Furthermore, LEP G19A polymorphism was correlated with tumor size, tumor node metastasis, and distant metastasis in BC patients.
CONCLUSIONS: LEP G19A polymorphism is associated with a less risk of BC.