Ultrasound Differential Diagnosis in Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis of the Urinary Tract

Bladder Cancer

Scioscia M, et al. J Ultrasound Med 2020.


Endometriosis of the urinary tract is a rare condition that may lead to severe complications. At present, the major challenge appears to be the ultrasound differential diagnosis with diseases that can afflict the ureter and the bladder. Preoperative scan findings were compared with surgical and histologic records. Twenty-three cases were selected as being of interest, as they were referred for suspected endometriosis, whereas second-level ultrasound revealed a different disease in some cases.

This case series aims to help in becoming familiar with the possible differential diagnosis of lesions of the urinary tract that resemble endometriosis.