Lee I, et al. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2020.
PURPOSE: To evaluate the biodistribution of [18F]Florastamin, a novel 18F-labelled positron emission tomography (PET) tracer for prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
METHODS: PET was performed for five healthy controls and 10 patients with prostate cancer at 0, 10, 30, 70, and 120 mins after injecting 370 MBq of [18F]Florastamin. The maximum standardised uptake value (SUVmax) was evaluated in the primary tumour. The mean SUVmax (SUVmean) was evaluated in normal organs. Furthermore, the residence time was evaluated by assessing radioactivity in each organ. The internal radiation dosimetry was calculated using the OLINDA/EXM software.
RESULTS: The SUVmax in primary tumours increased with time. A favourable tumour to background ratio was also observed over time. Multiple lymph nodes and bone metastases were also evaluated and showed a similar pattern to SUVmax in the primary tumour. In one patient, a tiny lymph node metastasis was identified using [18F]Florastamin PET, which was not observed using other modalities, and was histologically confirmed. The highest absorbed dose was observed in the kidney (0.062 ± 0.015 mGy/MBq), followed by the bladder (0.032 ± 0.013 mGy/MBq), liver (0.022 ± 0.006 mGy/MBq), and salivary gland (0.018 ± 0.006 mGy/MBq). The effective dose with a 370 MBq injection of [18F]Florastamin was 1.81 mSv. No adverse events related to [18F]Florastamin were reported.
CONCLUSION: We identified a novel PSMA-targeted PET ligand, [18F]Florastamin, for imaging prostate cancer. [18F]Florastamin showed a high SUVmax and relatively high tumour to background ratio in both primary tumour and metastatic lesions, which suggests its high sensitivity to detect tumours without any adverse events.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: KCT0003924 registered at httpss://cris.nih.go.kr/.