Influence of previous laparo-endoscopic inguinal hernia repair on performing radical prostatectomy: a nationwide survey among urological surgeons

Bladder Cancer

Bakker WJ, et al. Surg Endosc 2020.


BACKGROUND: There is considerable demographic overlap of inguinal hernia patients and prostate cancer patients. Previous laparo-endoscopic inguinal hernia mesh repairs can complicate subsequent radical prostatectomies due to adhesions and distortion of anatomic planes. This study aims to assess the experience of urological surgeons on the safety and feasibility of performing radical prostatectomies after laparo-endoscopic inguinal hernia mesh repair.

METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, an online 24 question survey was developed regarding the experience in performing a radical prostatectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) with a prior preperitoneal inguinal hernia mesh repair. Between June 2016 and December 2017, the questionnaire was sent to all 68 urological surgeons performing radical prostatectomy in the Netherlands.

RESULTS: The response rate of urological surgeons was 69% (n = 47). The majority (77%) of urological surgeons perform robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomies. A previous preperitoneal inguinal hernia repair was reported by 40% of urological surgeons in 10-30% of patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. Radical prostatectomy with prior preperitoneal inguinal hernia mesh repair is considered more difficult by 49%, predominantly because of (occasionally to always) experienced longer operating times (88.4%), increased blood loss (46.5%), difficult dissection of Retzius space (88.4%), nerve-sparing difficulties (32.6%), less adequate PLND (69.8%), and bladder- (16.3%) or peritoneal perforations (27.9%). Additionally, 11.6% had performed mesh explantation, 16.3% had aborted radical prostatectomies, and 35.7% experienced increased inguinal hernia recurrences after radical prostatectomies with prior preperitoneal inguinal hernia mesh repair. More experienced urological surgeons reported an increased difficulty for all outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS: Laparo-endoscopic inguinal hernia mesh repair has a significant impact on performing a radical prostatectomy and PLND. Surgeons should postpone the inguinal hernia repair of patients in the workup for a radical prostatectomy, with the preferable option of performing the radical prostatectomy and inguinal hernia repair in the same procedure. Alternatively, a Lichtenstein repair can be performed.