LncRNA BRE-AS1 acts as a tumor suppressor factor in bladder cancer via mediating STAT3

Bladder Cancer
04/06/2020

Zhang L, et al. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has been verified to regulate several cancers, including bladder cancer (BC). Our study aimed to elucidate the expression, function, and mechanism of lncRNA BRE-AS1 in BC.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Relative expression of lncRNA BRE-AS1 in 77 BC tissues and adjacent normal tissues was determined using quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Expression of lncRNA BRE-AS1 in T24 and EJ cells was up-regulated using lentivirus transfection. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and colony formation assay were used to assess the proliferation of T24 and EJ cells influenced by lncRNA BRE-AS1. Also, the influence of lncRNA BRE-AS1 on cell apoptosis and cell cycle was measured using flow cytometry. Western blot was employed to explore the downstream molecules for lncRNA BRE-AS1 in BC. In vivo, xenograft formation experiment was established in nude mice to study the function of lncRNA BRE-AS1 in BC.

RESULTS: LncRNA BRE-AS1 showed significantly decreased expression in BC tissues than the paired normal tissues. In vitro experiments demonstrated that over-expression of lncRNA BRE-AS1 inhibited cell proliferation but promoted cell apoptosis of EJ and T24 cells. STAT3 was determined as a target for lncRNA BRE-AS1. In vivo, up-regulation of lncRNA BRE-AS1 reduced cancer growth in nude mice bearing BC via repressing the phosphorylation of STAT3.

CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA BRE-AS1 was down-regulated in BC tissues. Over-expression of lncRNA BRE-AS1 inhibited BC cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo via repressing the phosphorylation of STAT3. This might provide a new sight for the understanding of BC progression and biotherapy.