Gonçalves IL, et al. Future Med Chem 2020.
Background: Dihydropyrimidin-2-thiones (DHPMs) are a class of heterocyclic compound which have been intensively investigated mainly due to their anticancer activity as kinesin Eg5 inhibitors. Materials & methods: A library of N1 aryl substituted DHPMs were tested against glioma and bladder cancer cell lines. Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) investigation was performed in order to identify key elements of DHPMs linked with their antiproliferative effect. The toxicity of most active compounds was investigated using Caenorhabditis elegans as the model. Results & conclusion: DHPMs 9, 13 and 17 have been identified as having improved activity against glioma and bladder cell lines as compared with monastrol. Flow cytometry investigations showed that the new compounds induce cell cycle arrest in phase G2/M and cell death by apoptosis. In addition, compound 13 was able to modulate the reactive oxygen species production in vivo in C. elegans. The biphenyl dihydropyrimidinthiones provided a safety profile in C. elegans.