Jin D, et al. Cancer Med 2020.
PURPOSE: To study prognostic values of the clinicopathological characteristics and survival outcomes in micropapillary urothelial carcinoma (MPUC) of the urinary bladder.
METHOD: We used the national Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (2004-2016) to compare MPUC with transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) and to investigate prognostic values of clinicopathological characteristics, as well as survival outcomes, in MPUC of the urinary bladder. A multivariable Cox proportional hazard model, subgroup analyses, and propensity score matching were used.
RESULTS: In all, 519 patients with MPUC and 154 453 patients with TCC were enrolled. Compared with TCC, patients with MPUC had a higher rate of muscle invasive disease (P < .001), lymph node metastasis (P < .001), and distal metastasis (P < .001), as well as higher tumor grade (P < .001). According to the survival analyses, the MPUC group also had lower survival probability in both cancer-specific mortality (CSM) (P < .0001) and overall mortality (OM) analyses (P < .0001). Cox proportional hazard regression showed that the MPUC group had a higher risk of OM (hazard ratios [HR] = 1.39, 95% confidence intervals [CI] = 1.22-1.57, P < .0001), although the CSM (HR = 1.18, 95% CI = 1.00-1.40, P = .0505) in that group was fair. In the subgroup analysis, only MPUC patients without distal metastasis faced a higher risk of CSM (HR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.101.61, P < .0001).
CONCLUSIONS: Micropapillary urothelial carcinoma prognosis is poorer than that of TCC. Micropapillary urothelial carcinoma is an independent prognostic factor for OM in patients with urinary bladder cancer.