Marjara J, et al. Radiol Case Rep 2020.
Bladder cancer (BC) is a relatively common tumor, with a male preponderance. High-grade muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) has a very high incidence of pelvic lymph node metastasis at presentation. Involvement of the retro-crural lymph nodes, although has been described in other pelvic tumors, is very uncommon for BC. Cryoablation in the retro-crural region is extremely challenging due to the proximity to the critical structures like inferior venacava and aorta and has not been extensively
reported. We describe a 56-year old male patient with MIBC who underwent extensive treatments including radical cystoprostatectomy, chemoradiation and immunotherapy, ultimately with localized disease in the retro-crural region. Single session cryoablation of these lymph nodes was performed with a curative intent yielding a positive response that has persisted for more than 2 years.