Li CP, et al. Updates Surg 2020.
Complete resection for retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) involving major vessels frequently requires vascular resection and reconstruction. The use of artificial grafts often leads to postoperative vascular graft infection (VGI), which usually requires reoperation and sometimes leads to death. In the present study, the data of RPS patients who underwent contralateral iliac artery (IIA) transposition for reconstruction of the common iliac artery (CIA) after RPS resection from 2015-2019 were
retrospectively analyzed. Clinical, intraoperative, and postoperative outcomes were described. Contralateral IIA transposition was performed to reconstruct the CIA after segmental resection in three patients. All patients underwent concomitant organ resection. Colon resection was performed for all patients, nephrectomy was performed for two patients, and segmental resection of the left ureter with transurethral ureterostomy was performed for one patient. Complete resection was achieved in all patients, and microscopic tumor infiltration to the CIA was observed in all patients (tunica adventitia: 2, tunica media: 1). No major complications occurred during the hospital stay. During the follow-up period (6.0-29.1 months), one patient died from tumor recurrence, and the other two patients did not have any evidence of recurrence or metastatic disease at the latest follow-up. The level of lower limb function was favorable (MSTS93 scores: 28-30). The pelvic organ functions, including bowel, bladder, and sexual functions, were not impaired in any of the patients. This novel technique in which contralateral IIA transposition is performed to reconstruct the CIA after RPS resection is simple and reliable and may be a good alternative to artificial grafts.