Barak V, et al. Anticancer Res 2020.
BACKGROUND/AIM: There is a need to diagnose early bladder cancer by non-invasive tests. This study aimed to explore the clinical value of three non-invasive methods, UBC Rapid, ultrasound (US), and urine cytology, separately and in combination, for the primary diagnosis and surveillance of bladder-cancer.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Urine samples were obtained from 106 patients who presented with symptoms of bladder cancer and patients followed-up after transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURB). Each patient underwent US, cystoscopy, cytology and UBC Rapid test. The sensitivity and specificity of all methods and combinations were calculated and related to cystoscopy and biopsy.
RESULTS: Voided urine samples assayed with UBC Rapid and cytology yielded a sensitivity and specificity of 58.3% and 75.9%, and 57.1% and 98.0%, respectively and for US 76.2% and 98.1%. The combination of all three methods resulted in a sensitivity and specificity of 95.8% and 67.3%, and the combination of UBC Rapid and US, gave a sensitivity of 91.3%, and a specificity of 72.2%, The combination of UBC Rapid and cytology yielded a sensitivity and specificity of 84.6% and 71.2%.
CONCLUSION: Combined use of UBC Rapid, US and cytology improved the sensitivity of bladder cancer detection.