Gross-Goupil M, et al. Bull Cancer 2020.
BACKGROUND: The standard treatment in first line of advanced or metastatic urothelial bladder cancer (MBC) is the association of Gemcitabine and Cisplatin (GC). Avelumab, an anti-PD-L1 agent, has recently demonstrated efficacy. The objective is to evaluate the combination of these 3 agents.
METHODS: This phase II randomized open-label study, evaluated if GC-avelumab increases response rate and duration of response of patients in 1st line treatment for MBC compared to GC. Severe toxicities should not overlap and be acceptable. The two co-primary end points are the objective response rate and the incidence of severe toxicity after six cycles of treatment. The study will recruit 90 participants, randomized in two arms (1:2), GC (gemcitabine 1 000 mg/m2/j, J1,J8, Cisplatine 70 mg/m2, J1 = J21), and GC-avelumab (10 mg/Kg/3 semaines). Randomization will be stratified on Karnofsky status (≥ 80 % vs. < 80 %) and visceral vs non visceral metastases. The duration of the inclusion period is 24 months, with a duration of participation of each patient of 18 months and a total study duration of 42 months.
DISCUSSION: If both efficacy and safety of the association of GC+avelumab are in the range of acceptable through this specific study design, this will support a subsequent randomized phase III study comparing both arms with an overall survival end-point. In addition, the evaluation of predictive parameters to be confirmed (e.g. the impact of tumor PD-L1 expression) or other immunological parameters, may support a selection of the population. NCT number : NCT03324282.