Facing treatment of non-urothelial bladder cancers in the immunotherapy era

Bladder Cancer
05/07/2020

Grilo I, et al. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 2020 - Review.

ABSTRACT

Non-urothelial Bladder Cancer (BC) and variants of urothelial carcinoma account for up to 25 % of all BCs. Given their heterogeneity, these entities are not well represented in clinical trials and treatment remains challenging. Checkpoint inhibitor therapy has shown a role in the treatment of urothelial BC. By contrast, robust evidence regarding its use in other histological types is lacking. We aimed to provide a comprehensive update of non-urothelial and variant urothelial BC, exploring the


evidence for immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. A detailed analysis of the literature was conducted regarding epidemiology, aetiology, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and outcomes of these patients in the immunotherapy era. A growing body of evidence suggests that immune checkpoint inhibition might have a role to play in non-urothelial BC, similarly to what happened with urothelial carcinomas.