Prognostic significance of serum lactate dehydrogenase in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for bladder cancer

Bladder Cancer

Su S, et al. Urol Oncol 2020.


BACKGROUND: To investigate the prognostic significance of preoperative serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for bladder cancer (BCa).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of 263 patients undergoing open or laparoscopic radical cystectomy between 2011 and 2016 was studied. Baseline characteristics, hematological variables, follow-up data were collected. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazard regression model were applied to assess the relationship between LDH and overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and disease-free survival (DFS).

RESULTS: After a median 34.2 (22.9-45.8) months follow-up, all-cause death, cancer-specific death, and disease recurrence occurred in 66 patients, 50 patients, and 91 patients. The elevation of serum LDH was associated with several unfavorable parameters, including advanced age, continent cutaneous urinary diversion, increased neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, decreased lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio. Patients with a higher serum LDH (> 220 U/L) had a worse OS (P < 0.001), CSS (P < 0.001) and DFS (P < 0.001). Multivariate Cox analysis suggested that elevated LDH was an independent predictor for OS (hazard ratio [HR]: 3.113, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.524-6.358; P = 0.002), CSS (HR: 4.564, 95% CI: 2.008-10.373; P < 0.001), DFS (HR: 2.051, 95% CI: 1.125-3.739; P = 0.019). Medical history of diabetes, high pT stage, and positive lymph node also were adverse predictors for oncological outcomes of BCa patients in multivariate analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative serum LDH is an independent prognostic biomarker for OS, CSS, and DFS in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for BCa, which can be incorporated into prognostic models.