Bacillary Layer Detachment in Bilateral Diffuse Uveal Melanocytic Proliferation Masquerading as Neovascular AMD

Bladder Cancer

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2020 Jul 1;51(7):413-417. doi: 10.3928/23258160-20200702-07.


Bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation (BDUMP) is a rare and unusual paraneoplastic ocular syndrome with generally poor prognosis. The authors present a case of BDUMP in a patient with bladder cancer, examined with current multimodal imaging. In the clinical setting with drusen and exudative macular detachments, the fundus simulated neovascular age-related macular degeneration, warranting standard-of-care therapy. The imaging actually showed the typical manifestations of BDUMP, but

also newly recognized, associated manifestations, including the bacillary layer detachment, a gravitating retinal detachment, and multifocal choroidal hyperpermeability, but no evidence of neovascularization. Recognition of these associated manifestations is of value in appreciating the pathophysiology of this paraneoplastic disorder. Based on the imaging, the correct diagnosis was possible along with a better understanding of the nature of the clinical features in the posterior fundus. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2020;51:413-417.].