ACS Omega. 2020 Jul 6;5(28):17377-17384. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.0c01745. eCollection 2020 Jul 21.
Intravesical therapy, already used to treat bladder cancer, is a potential treatment option for urinary tract infections. However, short dwelling time and washout proved to be challenging obstacles. To circumvent these issues, PLGA 503H and PLGA 2300 nanoparticles were prepared and surface modified with wheat germ agglutinin (WGA). Nanoparticles of both poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) types exhibited high inherent adhesion to human uroepithelial cells. Although surface-bound WGA could be easily increased, adhesion did not. Loading the nanoparticles with trimethoprim did not counteract cell adhesion. Varying the medium for instillation revealed highest adhesion in sodium bicarbonate buffer (pH 5). To evaluate dwelling time, nanoparticles were incubated with the cell monolayer for increasing time intervals. A contact time of 15 min seems to be too short for adhesion to the cells as less than 50% particles remained bound after washing. However, after 30 min 70% of the particles added were bound, and afterward, no further increase was observed. WGA only slightly increased the adhesion of the PLGA nanoparticles, but this approach might not be economically viable. However, PLGA nanoparticles displayed a high inherent adhesion to cells that might substantially foster intravesical therapy.