The role of exosomal miR-375-3p: A potential suppressor in bladder cancer via the Wnt/β-catenin pathway

Bladder Cancer
28/07/2020

FASEB J. 2020 Jul 27. doi: 10.1096/fj.202000347R. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

miR-375-3p is a significantly downregulated miRNA in bladder cancer (BC). However, its role in BC regulation is still unclear. In this study, we reported that miR-375-3p overexpression inhibited proliferation and migration and promoted apoptosis in BC cells. Frizzled-8 (FZD8) gene is identified as the direct miR-375-3p targeting gene. miR-375-3p blocks the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and downstream molecules Cyclin D1 and c-Myc by inhibiting the expression of FZD8 directly, it could increase caspase 1


and caspase 3 expression and promote T24 cell apoptosis as well. miR-375-3p also showed a significant inhibitory effect in vivo in bladder tumor-bearing nude mice, as demonstrated by the reduced tumor volume and Ki67 proliferation index in tumor tissue. Collectively, miR-375-3p is a suppressor of BC that inhibits proliferation and metastasis, and promotes apoptosis in BC cells as well as suppresses tumor growth in a T24 xenograft mouse model, which could be used as a potential therapeutic approach for BC in future.