Oncol Lett. 2020 Sep;20(3):2881-2887. doi: 10.3892/ol.2020.11814. Epub 2020 Jul 6.
The present study sought to estimate the applicability of apurinic/apyrimidinic endodeoxyribonuclease 1 (APE1), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) expression and CD163+ tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) ratio as prognostic factors in bladder cancer (BCa). A total of 127 patients with bladder urothelial cancer who underwent radical cystectomy at Daping Hospital were recruited between January 2013 and January 2017, including 45 cases of non-muscle invasive BCa (NMIBC) and 82 of MIBC. Immunohistochemical detection of APE1, VEGFA and CD163, as well as multiple immunofluorescence staining for APE1, VEGFA, CD163 and CD34, were performed on tissue samples. For APE1 and VEGFA, the staining was graded based on intensity (0-3), while CD163 was graded (0-3) based on the percentage of positively stained cells. The prognostic value of APE1, VEGF and CD163 was assessed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis. The results suggested that in BCa, high APE1 expression was associated with high VEGFA expression and more infiltration of CD163+ TAM. Furthermore, high expression of APE1 was associated with lymphovascular invasion of BCa, as well as reduced survival time. This indicates that APE1 may be associated with CD163+ TAM infiltration in BCa, with VEGFA as a possible influencing factor.