Mutagenesis. 2020 Aug 13:geaa021. doi: 10.1093/mutage/geaa021. Online ahead of print.
The antitumour activity of chrysin have been studied in several types of cancer cells. In urinary bladder cancer, its cytotoxic effects have already demonstrated; however, its mechanism of action is not completely understood and the role of tumour protein p53 (TP53) gene in these effects is unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of chrysin (10, 20, 40, 60 80 and 100 µM) in progression of bladder tumour cells with different status of the TP53 gene and different degrees of tumour (RT4,
grade 1, TP53 wild type; 5637, grade 2, TP53 mutated and T24, grade 3, TP53 mutated). Results demonstrated that chrysin inhibited cell proliferation by increasing reactive oxygen species and DNA damage and inhibited cell migration in all cell lines. In TP53 wild-type cells, a sub-G1 apoptotic population was present. In mutated TP53 cells, chrysin caused arrest at the G2/M phase and morphological changes accompanied by downregulation of PLK1, SRC and HOXB3 genes. In addition, in Grade 2 cells, chrysin induced global DNA hypermethylation and, in the highest-grade cells, downregulated c-MYC, FGFR3 and mTOR gene expression. In conclusion, chrysin has antiproliferative and toxicogenetic activity in bladder tumour cells independently of TP53 status; however, the mechanisms of action are dependent on TP53 status.