An autophagy-related long non-coding RNA prognostic signature accurately predicts survival outcomes in bladder urothelial carcinoma patients

Bladder Cancer

Aging (Albany NY). 2020 Aug 15;12. doi: 10.18632/aging.103718. Online ahead of print.


In this study, we analyzed the prediction accuracy of an autophagy-related long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) prognostic signature using bladder urothelial carcinoma (BLCA) patient data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses showed significant correlations between five autophagy-related lncRNAs, LINC02178, AC108449.2, Z83843.1, FAM13A-AS1 and USP30-AS1, and overall survival (OS) among BCLA patients. The risk scores based on the

autophagy-related lncRNA prognostic signature accurately distinguished high- and low-risk BCLA patients that were stratified according to age; gender; grade; and AJCC, T, and N stages. The autophagy-related lncRNA signature was an independent prognostic predictor with an AUC value of 0.710. The clinical nomogram with the autophagy-related lncRNA prognostic signature showed a high concordance index of 0.73 and accurately predicted 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival times among BCLA patients in the high- and low-risk groups. The lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network contained 77 lncRNA-mRNA links among 5 lncRNAs and 49 related mRNAs. Gene set enrichment analysis showed that cancer- and autophagy-related pathways were significantly enriched in the high-risk group, and immunoregulatory pathways were enriched in the low-risk group. These findings demonstrate that an autophagy-related lncRNA signature accurately predicts the prognosis of BCLA patients.