Cancer Med. 2020 Aug 25. doi: 10.1002/cam4.3400. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: There is no good prognostic model that could predict the prognosis of bladder cancer (BCa) and the benefit of immunotherapy.
METHODS: Through the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) algorithm, we constructed a 13-mRNA immune signature from the TCGA cohort (n = 406). We validated its prognostic value and predictive value for the benefit of immunotherapy with four independent validation cohort (GSE13507 [n = 256], GSE31684 [n = 93], GSE32894 [n = 308], and IMvigor210 cohort [n = 298]).
RESULTS: Our results indicating that high-risk group with higher inhibitory immune cell infiltration (regulatory T cells [Tregs] and macrophage, etc), higher expression of immune checkpoints, and more T cell suppressive pathways (transforming growth factor β [TGF-β], epithelial-mesenchymal transition [EMT], etc) were activated. Besides, the immune signature showed a good predictive value for the benefit of immunotherapy in a cohort of urothelial carcinoma patients treated with PD-L1.
CONCLUSIONS: The immune signature constructed is convenient to classify the immunotherapeutic susceptibility of patients with BCa, so as to achieve precision immunotherapy for BCa.