Serum LUCAT1 implicates the pathogenesis of muscle-invasive bladder cancer via targeting miR-199a-5p and miR-199b-5p

Bladder Cancer

J Mol Histol. 2020 Aug 25. doi: 10.1007/s10735-020-09907-3. Online ahead of print.


Muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is a common malignancy of urinary system cancers, accounting for about 1/3 of all newly diagnosed bladder cancer cases. Due to its strong metastasis, the 5-year survival of MIBC is less than 50%, and in serious cases, the overall survival of metastatic bladder cancer patients is about 1.3 years. LncRNAs, a type of non-coding RNAs defined as the transcripts exceeding 200 nucleotides in length, are frequently aberrant in multiple cancers including cervical,

ovarian, breast and bladder cancers. Recently, LUCAT1 (short for lung cancer-associated transcript 1), a lncRNA first reported to be involved in smoking-related lung cancer, has been observed to exhibit crucial roles in the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), migration and invasion processes of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and colorectal cancer. However, whether it involves in the pathogenesis of MIBC remains underexplored. In the present study, LUCAT1 was up-regulated in the serum samples of MIBC patients and bladder cancer cell lines, as assessed using real-time PCR. Our in vitro data (including wound healing and trans-well assays) showed that LUCAT1 was required for the proliferation, EMT, migration and invasion processes of T24 cells. Moreover, LUCAT1 directly targeted miR-199a-5p and miR-199b-5p, as affirmed using the luciferase reporter assay, and manipulation of LUCAT1 significantly suppressed miR-199a-5p and miR-199b-5p. Collectively, our findings highlight an axis of LUCAT1/miR-199a/b-5p in MIBC pathogenesis. Therefore, LUCAT1 may possibly be a promising candidate for diagnostic biomarker and therapeutic target of MIBC.