Research on mechanism of miR-130a in regulating autophagy of bladder cancer cells through CYLD

Bladder Cancer
31/08/2020

J BUON. 2020 May-Jun;25(3):1636-1642.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The study aimed to explore the regulatory mechanism of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-130a in the autophagy of bladder cancer cells through cylindromatosis (CYLD).

METHODS: Human bladder cancer T24 cell line was used as the objects of the study. After miR-130a was knocked down using small-interfering RNA (siRNA) in T24 cell line, the changes in expressions of miR-130a and CYLD in each group were detected via quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The cell proliferation in each group was detected using cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay and flow cytometry. The changes in mRNA and protein levels of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) and Beclin1 were determined using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The autolysosomes were detected through acridine orange (AO)/ethidium staining bromide (ER) staining. Moreover, CYLD was knocked down using siRNA, and then the changes in mRNA expressions of miR-130a, LC3 and Beclin1 in each group were detected through qRT-PCR.

RESULTS: After interference in miR-130a with siRNA, miR-130a-siRNA group had a significantly lower mRNA expression of miR-130a compared with NC-siRNA group and a significantly higher mRNA expression of CYLD (p<0.05), obviously inhibited cell proliferation (p<0.05), and decreased significantly mRNA and protein expressions of LC3 showing Beclin1 (p<0.05), and an evidently smaller number of autolysosomes. After knockdown of CYLD using siRNA, the mRNA expression of miR-130a had no significant changes (p>0.05), while the mRNA expressions of LC3 and Beclin1 declined significantly in CYLD-siRNA group compared with those in NC-siRNA group (p<0.05).

CONCLUSION: MiR-130 can promote the autophagy of bladder cancer cells through regulating CYLD, thus facilitating the proliferation of tumor cells.