Oncoimmunology. 2020 Aug 28;9(1):1810489. doi: 10.1080/2162402X.2020.1810489.
Bladder cancer is the ninth most frequent-diagnosed disease worldwide, bearing high morbidity and mortality rates. Studies have shown that a particular population of CXCR5+CD8+ T cells was associated with superior prognosis in various tumor types, and yet its role in muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) remains unclear. In this study, 662 MIBC patients from 3 cohorts (Zhongshan Hospital, n = 141; Shanghai Cancer Center, n = 108; The Cancer Genome Atlas, n = 403) were analyzed retrospectively. 11 fresh resected samples of MIBC were examined to characterize the phenotype of CXCR5+CD8+ T cells and 402 MIBC patients from TCGA were applied for bioinformatics analysis. It was explored that the abundance of intratumoral CXCR5+CD8+ T cells indicated superior overall survival and disease-free survival. Patients with a higher infiltration of CXCR5+CD8+ T cells in tumor tissue benefit more from adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT). Intratumoral CXCR5+CD8+ T cells displayed cytolytic and self-renewal features. Remarkably, CXCR5+CD8+ T cells were mainly presented in the basal and stromal-rich subtypes of MIBC and tumors with enriched CXCR5+CD8+ T cells showed limited FGFR3 signaling signature and activated immunotherapeutic and EGFR associated pathway. In conclusion, we identified an excellent prognosis and ACT sensitive subtype of MIBC with intratumoral CXCR5+CD8+ T cell abundance. Tumors with high density of CXCR5+CD8+ T cells possessed potential sensitivity to immunotherapy and EGFR-targeted therapy. CXCR5+CD8+ T cells provide a new potential biomarker as well as a therapeutic target in MIBC.