Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv: A First-in-Class Anti-Nectin-4 Antibody-Drug Conjugate for the Management of Urothelial Carcinoma

Bladder Cancer

Ann Pharmacother. 2020 Sep 18:1060028020960402. doi: 10.1177/1060028020960402. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, clinical efficacy, safety, dosing, cost, and clinical implications of enfortumab vedotin-ejfv (EV) in the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC).

DATA SOURCES: A literature search of PubMed (inception to August 2020) was conducted using the terms enfortumab, vedotin, Padcev, and Nectin. Data were also obtained from package inserts, meeting abstracts, and ongoing studies from ClinicalTrials.gov.

STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: All relevant published articles, package inserts, and meeting abstracts evaluating EV for the treatment of UC were analyzed.

DATA SYNTHESIS: Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) deliver potent cytotoxic agents using highly selective monoclonal antibodies. Targeting the near-universal expression of Nectin-4 on UC cells is a viable therapeutic strategy. In a pivotal phase II trial, EV demonstrated an overall response rate of 44%, and a median duration of response of 7.6 months. Estimated overall survival was 11.7 months with a median estimated progression-free survival of 5.6 months. Results were similar among difficult-to-treat patients, including those with liver metastases. Unique toxicity concerns with EV require careful consideration and monitoring.

RELEVANCE TO PATIENT CARE AND CLINICAL PRACTICE: EV, a first-in-class anti-Nectin-4 ADC, provides impressive response rates with manageable toxicities, making it a promising treatment option for patients with multiply relapsed or refractory UC.

CONCLUSION: The US Food and Drug Administration-approved EV demonstrates antitumor activity in heavily pretreated patients with UC but harbors important adverse effects and financial concerns. Additional studies are required to identify the optimal sequencing, patient population, and place in therapy for EV.