Low energy shock wave-delivered intravesical botulinum neurotoxin-A potentiates antioxidant genes and inhibits proinflammatory cytokines in rat model of overactive bladder

Bladder Cancer

Neurourol Urodyn. 2020 Sep 22. doi: 10.1002/nau.24511. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: To study the effect of intravesical instillation of botulinum neurotoxin-A (BoNT-A) combined with low energy shock wave (LESW) for treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) in a rat model and to investigate its effect on the associated inflammatory and oxidative stress process.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty rats were subdivided into four equal groups: normal control group, OAB group, LESW group, and BoNT-A plus LESW group. Cystometrogram (CMG) changes and histopathological changes in the bladder mucosa were assessed in the different groups. Oxidative stress markers (malondialdehyde [MDA] and superoxide dismutase [SOD]) and proinflammatory cytokines (tumor necrotic factor-α [TNF-α] and interleukin-6 [IL-6]) were compared among groups.

RESULTS: BoNT-A plus LESW group showed statistically significant lower amplitude (p = .001) and lower frequency of detrusor contractions (p = .01) compared to LESW, which showed no statistically significant difference in comparison to the OAB group. Also, the combined group significantly reduced submucosal edema and inflammatory cell infiltrate scores compared to all groups (p < .05). LESW was associated with 42% reduction of MDA expression while, LESW plus BoNT-A decreased it by 68% (p < .001). Also, LESW and LESW plus BoNT-A increased SOD expression by 43% and 75%, respectively (p < .001). LESW plus BoNT-A was associated with statistically significant lower expression of TNF-α and IL-6 expression by 37% and 66% in comparison to LESW group (p = .001).

CONCLUSION: Intravesical instillation of BoNT-A plus LESW is an effective method for increasing the urothelial permeability to BoNT-A and enhancing its therapeutic effect against OAB in rat model through the expression of a substantial anti-inflammatory and antioxidative stress effect.