The colovescical fistula in diverticular disease: Laparoscopic approach in two different cases

Bladder Cancer
25/09/2020

Int J Surg Case Rep. 2020 Sep 11:S2210-2612(20)30716-1. doi: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2020.09.044. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The colovescical fistula is one of the complications of diverticular disease. It can cause significant symptoms like pneumaturia and fecaluria affecting the quality of life and sometimes leading to death, usually secondary to sepsis. We describe two cases of colovescical fistula treated by laparoscopic approach in patients with diagnosis of complicated acute diverticulitis.

CASE REPORT: We studied two patients with clinical, radiological and endoscopic diagnosis of colovescical fistula as a consequence of diverticular disease. We performed a totally laparoscopic treatment with colonic resection and colo-proctoanastomosis after the closure of the fistula with intracorporeal sutures.

DISCUSSION: Colovescical fistula should be suspected in patients who present fever with persistent dysuria, pneumaturia or fecaluria. The diagnosis is confirmed by a CT abdominal scan, a colonoscopy in order to rule out a colon cancer and a cystoscopy to assess the grade of bladder involvement.

CONCLUSION: Although colovescical fistulas caused by diverticular disease were once considered a contraindication to laparoscopic resection, nowadays they are increasingly treated by experienced surgeons using laparoscopic techniques. Compared with laparoscopic surgery for uncomplicated diverticulitis the mini-invasive treatment of colovescical fistulas requires a longer operative time and advanced surgical skills.