Med Sci Monit. 2020 Oct 26;26:e926273. doi: 10.12659/MSM.926273.
BACKGROUND Bladder carcinoma (BLCA) is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. The aim of this work was to develop an accurate stratification in predicting the prognosis and directing the treatment of BLCA patients based on small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs). MATERIAL AND METHODS Expression profiles of snoRNAs were downloaded from the SNORic database. The expression profiles and clinical outcomes of BLCA patients were analyzed. Survival-associated snoRNAs were identified and used to
develop a novel risk score classifier. Genes in the whole genome that were significantly correlated with the included prognostic snoRNAs were used for functional enrichment analysis. RESULTS The results showed that age, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage, and tumor status were significantly correlated with overall survival (OS) of BLCA patients. We selected 12 survival-associated snoRNAs to build a prognostic signature. Patients were separated into high- and low-risk groups based on the median value of the risk score. Patients in the high-risk group and low-risk group have distinct clinical outcomes. The AJCC TNM stage showed moderate utility as a prognostic indicator for clinical outcome prediction. Then, clinical parameters and risk scores were entered in multivariate Cox analysis. Notably, the prognostic signature remained an independent significant prognostic risk factor. The pathway analysis suggested that these genes were enriched in several types of cancer and "Focal adhesion" pathways. CONCLUSIONS The prognostic signature defined by expression profiles of 12 survival-associated snoRNAs appears to be an excellent predictor of the clinical outcome of BLCA patients.