Onco Targets Ther. 2020 Oct 29;13:11007-11017. doi: 10.2147/OTT.S273622. eCollection 2020.
BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence has demonstrated that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play indispensable roles in the progression of bladder cancer. Public database mining showed that hsa_circRNA_100146 (circRNA_100146) was highly expressed in bladder cancer. This study aimed to characterize the biological role of circRNA_100146 and clarify the underlying mechanism in bladder cancer.
METHODS: We evaluated the relationship between circRNA_100146 expression and clinicopathological features. Furthermore, gain- and loss-of-function studies were conducted in bladder cancer cells via transfection with gene-carrying plasmids (over-expression) or specific short hairpin RNAs (knockdown). Moreover, computational algorithms and dual-luciferase reporter assays were performed to explore the possible mechanisms of action. Additionally, in vivo xenograft experiments were performed to further analyze the effect of circRNA_100146 on tumor growth.
RESULTS: Our data showed that circRNA_100146 expression was increased in bladder cancer tissues and cell lines, and that high expression of circRNA_100146 was correlated with poor patient prognosis. Upregulation of circRNA_100146 promoted cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and inhibited cell apoptosis, whereas knockdown of circRNA_100146 displayed opposite effects on bladder cancer cells. Notably, circRNA_100146 could combine with miR-149-5p and promote ring finger protein 2 (RNF2) expression, thereby facilitating the progression of bladder cancer. Furthermore, overexpression of RNF2 reversed the effects of circRNA_100146 knockdown on the biological behaviors of bladder cancer cells. The in vivo experiments revealed that downregulation of circRNA_100146 dramatically delayed tumor growth.
CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that circRNA_100146 functions as a sponge of miR-149-5p in promoting bladder cancer progression by regulating RNF2 expression and that circRNA_100146 may serve as a novel biomarker in human bladder cancer.