Hum Cell. 2020 Nov 9. doi: 10.1007/s13577-020-00456-1. Online ahead of print.
Several experimental models including patient biopsies, animal models, and cell lines have been recommended to study the mechanism of bladder cancer development. After several passages in culture, cell lines lose some original features, and no longer resemble the cells of their original tumor. This makes it necessary to establish various cell lines. In an attempt to establish a new cell line for bladder cancer, JAM-ICR (RRID: CVCL_A9QB) was derived from a 64-year-old man diagnosed with a
high-grade tumor. This cell line was characterized in multiple experiments involving morphological studies, immunophenotyping (by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry), karyotyping, short tandem repeat analysis, colony-forming assays, migration and invasion assays, and chemosensitivity to anti-cancer drugs. JAM-ICR cells are pale with an irregular polygonal shape, and show some similarities to mesenchymal stem cells but with a wider shape and shorter arms. Phenotypic assessment demonstrated the simultaneous expression of mesenchymal-(vimentin, desmin, CD29, CD90, and CD106) and epithelial lineage (pan-cytokeratin) markers, which supports a phenotype similar to epithelial-mesenchymal transition for this cell line. JAM-ICR displayed high metastatic potential and stem-like properties, i.e., self-renewal, colony forming, and the coexpression of TRA-1 with CD44 and CD166. Furthermore, this cell line was significantly more resistant to doxorubicin in comparison to the 5637 cell line. These features make JAM-ICR a new bladder cancer cell line with metastatic potential and stem-like properties, which may be potentially useful as a model to elucidate the molecular and cellular mechanisms of bladder cancer pathogenesis or evaluate new drugs.