Outcome of radiotherapy for invasive bladder cancer in older patients - not candidates for or decline cystectomy

Bladder Cancer

Cancer Radiother. 2020 Nov 7:S1278-3218(20)30296-1. doi: 10.1016/j.canrad.2020.04.014. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: Retrospective study to assess the role of radiotherapy (RT) in bladder cancer (BC) in patients who decline cystectomy or for whom it was contraindicated, regarding BC related events.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study, of patients with BC treated with RT, with or without chemotherapy was carried out, during the period March 2005 to March 2017, excluding patients who performed cystectomy. BC-related events were defined as haematuria, episodes requiring intravesical irrigations or transurethral resection or admission in Urology Department caused by symptoms related to BC.

RESULTS: Fifty-eight patients were included, 44 men and 14 women, whose median age at diagnosis was 78.3 years. Nine patients were treated with a RT dose below 50Gy (20-45Gy), in relation with non-resectable disease, nodal involvement, presence of metastasis or poor performance status. Forty-nine patients were treated with a RT dose above 50Gy (maximum 60.4Gy). The median follow-up time was 24 months, with BC-specific survival at 1/5 years of 87.5%/0.0% and 83.1%/33.9% in the group treated with RT dose below 50Gy and above 50Gy, respectively. Results revealed that the number of events decreased significantly after RT for both groups. For the two groups, the median of events before RT was 2.0, decreasing for 1.0 after RT (RT dose<50Gy: P=0.011; RT doseā‰„50Gy: P=0.026).

CONCLUSION: This therapeutic approach can have an important role in older patients with bladder cancer, in terms of reducing disease related events. Symptom control was significantly achieved in both therapeutic groups.