Autophagy-related long noncoding RNAs can predict prognosis in patients with bladder cancer

Bladder Cancer
12/11/2020

Aging (Albany NY). 2020 Nov 7;12. doi: 10.18632/aging.103947. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

We investigated whether autophagy-related long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) can predict prognosis in bladder cancer. We obtained bladder cancer lncRNA data from The Cancer Genome Atlas and autophagy-related genes from the Human Autophagy Database. Fifteen autophagy-related lncRNAs with prognostic significance were identified. Multivariate Cox analysis was used to construct a risk score model, which divided bladder cancer patients into high-risk and low-risk groups. We found that patients in the


low-risk group had better survival than those in the high-risk group. Subgroup analysis showed that patients in the high-risk group also had worse OS than that in the low-risk group in subgroups based on age, gender, clinical stage, and TNM stage. We next established a nomogram according to the results of multivariate Cox regression, which included age, gender, clinical stage, TNM stage, and risk score. The area under the curve for 3- and 5-year overall survival predicted by the nomogram were 0.711 and 0.719, respectively. Bioinformatics analysis demonstrated that the 15 identified lncRNAs are involved in the cell cycle, DNA replication, cell adhesion, cancer pathway, WNT signaling pathway, and oxidative stress. These findings confirm that autophagy-related lncRNAs are predictive of prognosis in bladder cancer patients and may affect tumor progression.