Li C, et al. Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2020.
There is still no satisfying method to treat colorectal cancer (CRC) currently. Inspired by cocktail therapy, the combination of 465 nm blue LED irradiation and two multi-target anticancer agents AT406 and Rocaglamide has been investigated for a revolutionary way to treat colorectal cancer cells in vitro. It showed a strong inhibitory effect on colorectal cancer cells, and its side effects on human normal cells are negligible. When applied to HCT116 cells, it can achieve an apoptotic rate up to
95%. It is also seen to significantly inhibit proliferation of HT29 cells. Furthermore, little to no cell inhibition or damage of normal MRC-5 cells were seen after treatment. The combination of blue LED irradiation and two anti-cancer drugs causes apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells by activating the apoptotic pathway, inhibiting autophagy and proliferation pathways as well as the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS).