Shaker OG, et al. Arch Physiol Biochem 2020.
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have critical roles in colorectal cancer (CRC) tumorigenesis and development. It has been reported that Eph receptor A7 (EphA7) was a potential target of miR-944 which is transcriptionally activated in cancer. The aim of this study was to explore the expression profile of miR-944 and its target gene EPHA7 in the serum of Egyptian CRC patients. 150 CRC patients, 50 adenomatous polyps (AP) patients, and 100 healthy controls were included. Serum miR-944 was downregulated (0.304 ±
0.0512) while serum EPHA7 was upregulated (3.163 ± 0.610) in CRC and AP patients versus controls and discriminated aganst these groups by Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis. miR-944 presented the highest diagnostic accuracy for CRC patients from control (AUC = 0.90). Moreover obvious prognostic power in distinguishing AP from CRC (AUC = 0.87). In conclusion, miR-944 and EPHA7 are potential genetic markers of CRC predisposition and novel potential non-invasive diagnostic biomarkers for CRC.