Geraniin inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis through inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway in human colorectal cancer in vitro and in vivo

Colorectal Cancer

Zhou LA, et al. Anticancer Drugs 2020.


Geraniin, a polyphenolic component isolated from Phyllanthus amarus, has been reported to possess diverse biological activities, including antitumor, antiinflammatory, antihyperglycemic, antihypertensive, and antioxidant. However, the role and underlying mechanisms of geraniin in colorectal cancer still remain unclear. In the present study, we found that geraniin notably inhibited cell proliferation and clonogenic formation of colorectal cancer cell SW480 and HT-29 in a dose-dependent manner by

Cell Counting Kit 8, EdU, and colony formation assays, respectively. Additionally, geraniin remarkably induced apoptosis of SW480 and HT-29 cells in a dose-dependent way by Hoechst 33342 staining, flow cytometric analysis, and TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling assays and increased the expressions of Bax, caspase-3, and caspase-9, while decreased the level of Bcl-2. Besides, wound healing, transwell migration, and invasion assays demonstrated that geraniin obviously inhibited the migration and invasion of SW480 and HT-29 cells. Moreover, it also inhibited the levels of phospho (p)-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and p-Akt. Furthermore, in-vivo animal study revealed that geraniin had the significant inhibitory effects on tumor growth and promoted cancer cell apoptosis remarkably, which further confirmed the antitumor effect of geraniin. Taken together, the present study exhibited the positive role of geraniin in inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis through suppression of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway in colorectal cancer cells in vitro and in vivo, which might provide new insights in searching for new drug candidates of anticolorectal cancer.