Sukegawa K, et al. Eur J Immunol 2020.
Adoptive T cell therapy using tumor-specific T cells or T cell receptor (TCR)-modified T cells is a promising next-generation immunotherapy. The major source of tumor-reactive T cells is PD-1+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs). In contrast, PD-1- TILs have received little attention. Here, we analyzed the TCRβ repertoires of PD-1- and PD-1+ CD8+ TILs derived from colorectal cancer and breast cancer. Approximately 40 to 60% of the PD-1+ population consisted of oligoclonal populations in both colorectal cancer and breast cancer. In contrast, approximately 37% of the PD-1- population consisted of an oligoclonal population in colorectal cancer, whereas 14% of them were oligoclonal in breast cancer. In colorectal cancer, the TCR repertoires of PD-1- CD8+ TILs and PD-1+ CD8+ TILs hardly overlapped. Interestingly, clonally expanded CD8+ TILs in primary tumors and the metastases expressing the same clonotypic TCR showed the same phenotype regarding the PD-1-expression. These results suggest that the intrinsic properties of TCRs determine the fate of TILs in terms of whether they become PD-1+ or PD-1- in the tumor microenvironment. Further functional analysis of TCRs in TILs will allow us to better understand the regulatory mechanisms for PD-1 expression on TILs and may contribute to tumor immunotherapy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.