Implementation of Universal Tumor Screening of Colorectal Cancer for Detection of Lynch Syndrome at a Hispanic-Rich County Hospital

Colorectal Cancer
26/05/2020

Snedden TW, et al. JCO Oncol Pract 2020.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: In 2014, a reflexive screening protocol for Lynch syndrome (LS) via an immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay was shown to be cost-effective; however, the screening rates at a predominant Hispanic-rich institution are unclear. We hypothesized that implementation of a universal tumor screening (UTS) protocol requiring screening for LS via IHC in patients with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer (CRC) at our Hispanic-rich institution would improve detection of LS by increasing screening rates.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: This is a retrospective analysis of screening rates of 3 sequential cohorts of newly diagnosed patients with CRC between January 2012 and April 2016 at the University Health System and with follow-up at National Cancer Institute-designated Mays Cancer Center at University of Texas Health San Antonio. Cohort 1 consisted of patients screened using old screening guidelines (PRE). Cohort 2 consisted of patients screened when treating clinicians were receiving education on the new protocol (PERI). Cohort 3 consisted of patients screened after implementation of the UTS protocol (POST).

RESULTS: The majority of 312 patients were Hispanic (62.5%), 18.1% were < 50 years, and 81.9% were ≥ 50 years of age (median age, 57 years). Of patients with CRC screened for LS via IHC, the PRE, PERI, and POST cohorts had screening rates of 31%, 64%, and 58%, respectively. We found significant differences when comparing the PRE with POST sequential cohorts (P < .01).

CONCLUSION: The quality of Lynch syndrome-related family histories and screening rates were significantly improved after implementation in our Hispanic-rich population. Future studies are warranted to provide insight into clinical effects of increased screening, provider and patient surveillance, and screening-related systemic barriers.