In vitro anti-tumor effect of high-fluence low-power laser light on apoptosis of human colorectal cancer cells

Colorectal Cancer
28/05/2020

Tian Y, et al. Lasers Med Sci 2020.

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer is the third most common malignancy all over the world, along with high morbidity and mortality. As a treatment, high-fluence low-power laser irradiation (HF-LPLI) has reported that its biostimulatory activity can suppress or even destruct tumor growth in neoplastic diseases. The aim of the present study is to examine a therapeutic capacity of HF-LPLI for colorectal cancer treatment by using human colon cancer cell (HT29) model. The in vitro cancer cell model was used to


analyze the underlying mechanism of laser-induced apoptosis. Laser irradiation was performed five times (once a day for five consecutive days) with 635 nm laser light for 8 and 16 min (fluence = 128 and 256 J/cm2), respectively. The efficiency of the HF-LPLI treatment was evaluated by MTT, fluorescence staining, cell wound healing, and western blot test during the 5-day period. Experiment data showed that HF-LPLI had a dose-dependent stimulating effect on cell viability, migration, and apoptosis of HT29 cells. The inhibition effect of laser treatment at 256 J/cm2 on cell viability was statistically significant. Meanwhile, the wound healing and western blot tests also confirmed that HF-LPLI could inhibit cell migration and induce cell apoptosis. The current research results demonstrate that 635 nm HF-LPLI can be an alternative treatment option for colorectal cancer by increasing the expression of caspase-3 and inducing HT29 tumor cell apoptosis through activation of the mitochondrial pathway.