In vitro anti-tumor effect of high-fluence low-power laser light on apoptosis of human colorectal cancer cells

Colorectal Cancer

Tian Y, et al. Lasers Med Sci 2020.


Colorectal cancer is the third most common malignancy all over the world, along with high morbidity and mortality. As a treatment, high-fluence low-power laser irradiation (HF-LPLI) has reported that its biostimulatory activity can suppress or even destruct tumor growth in neoplastic diseases. The aim of the present study is to examine a therapeutic capacity of HF-LPLI for colorectal cancer treatment by using human colon cancer cell (HT29) model. The in vitro cancer cell model was used to

analyze the underlying mechanism of laser-induced apoptosis. Laser irradiation was performed five times (once a day for five consecutive days) with 635 nm laser light for 8 and 16 min (fluence = 128 and 256 J/cm2), respectively. The efficiency of the HF-LPLI treatment was evaluated by MTT, fluorescence staining, cell wound healing, and western blot test during the 5-day period. Experiment data showed that HF-LPLI had a dose-dependent stimulating effect on cell viability, migration, and apoptosis of HT29 cells. The inhibition effect of laser treatment at 256 J/cm2 on cell viability was statistically significant. Meanwhile, the wound healing and western blot tests also confirmed that HF-LPLI could inhibit cell migration and induce cell apoptosis. The current research results demonstrate that 635 nm HF-LPLI can be an alternative treatment option for colorectal cancer by increasing the expression of caspase-3 and inducing HT29 tumor cell apoptosis through activation of the mitochondrial pathway.