Wang C, et al. Front Immunol 2020 - Review.
Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway blockade has impressively benefited cancer patients with a wide spectrum of tumors. However, its efficacy in colorectal cancer (CRC) is modest, and only a small subset of patients benefits from approved checkpoint inhibitors. Newer checkpoints that target additional immunomodulatory pathways are becoming necessary to activate durable antitumor immune responses in patients with CRC. In this review, we evaluated the
mRNA expression of all 10 reported B7 family members in human CRC by retrieving and analyzing the TCGA database and reviewed the current understanding of the top three B7 family checkpoint molecules (B7-H3, VISTA, and HHLA2) with the highest mRNA expression, introducing them as putative therapeutic targets in CRC.