Li YP, et al. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2020.
Wogonin is a main effective component of Scutellaria baicalensis, with a significant anti-cancer activity. Recently, extensive studies focused on anti-cancer pharmacological effects of wogonin, but there were still a few studies on its molecular mechanism. Therefore, the molecular targets of its anti-cancer activity were still unclear. In this study, network pharmacology was applied to investigate the potential targets and molecular pathway of wogonin in inhibiting the growth of colorectal
cancer. It indicated that Wnt/β-catenin was a key pathway of wogonin on colorectal cancer. Then, pharmacology and molecular mechanism studies were performed according to network pharmacological results. Pharmacological results revealed that wogonin inhibited significantly the proliferation of SW480(P<0.001), with a concentration-dependent regularity in the range of 12.5-50 μmol·L~(-1). Additionally, wogonin could induce G_1 phase blocking of SW480 cells. Western blot was used to investigate the effect of wogonin on four characteristic proteins of Wnt/β-catenin pathway. CTNNB1(β-catenin), BIRC5(survivin) and GSK3 B were down-regulated significantly, while the expression level of BAX was up-regulated(P<0.05). In conclusion, wogonin could inhibit the proliferation of SW480 cells through Wnt/β-catenin pathway. The feature protein CTNNB1(β-catenin), BIRC5(survivin), GSK3 B and BAX were identified as the potential targets. This study illuminated the anti-cancer molecular mechanism and drug targets of wogonin, which provided a theoretical basis for anti-colon cancer drug discovery and clinical application.