Mutation Status and Prognostic Value of KRAS and BRAF in Southeast Iranian Colorectal Cancer Patients: First Report from Southeast of Iran

Colorectal Cancer

Yari A, et al. J Gastrointest Cancer 2020.


MAIN PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine any association of KRAS and BRAF mutations in colorectal cancer with clinicopathological features and overall survival (OS) of Southeast Iranian colorectal cancer (CRC) patients.

METHODS: Overall, KRAS and BRAF status were assessed in 100 Iranian CRC subjects. A hundred consecutive stages I-IV CRC patients, who underwent surgical tumor resection from February 2012 to August 2015, were prospectively attained from three centers and were enrolled in the research. Direct sequencing and real-time PCR methods were used to the detection of KRAS and BRAF mutations, respectively. Logistic regression models were used to detect associations of KRAS and BRAF mutations with clinical/clinicopathological features. Kaplan-Meier model was used to estimate overall survival.

RESULTS: In total, KRAS and BRAF mutations were detected in 29 (29%) and 7 (7%) of 100 CRC patients, respectively. BRAF mutations that all comprised V600E and KRAS mutations were found in codon 12, 13, and 61 (72.4%, 20.7 and 6.9%), respectively. In a multivariate analysis, older age (≥ 60) was significantly associated with higher KRAS mutations rate and high BRAF mutation rate was significantly associated with older age (≥ 60) and poorly differentiated tumors. KRAS and BRAF mutant vs. wild type of KRAS and BRAF, 5-year OS was 62.1% vs. 71.8% (p value > 0.05) and 57.1% vs. 67.7% (p value > 0.05), respectively.

CONCLUSION: Mutations were found in both KRAS and BRAF genes in Iranian colorectal cancers patients and were associated with clinical/clinicopathologic features. Our data emphasizes the importance of these molecular features in Iranian CRC patients.