Dubinsky V, et al. Trends Microbiol 2020.
Colibactin is a genotoxic molecule, produced primarily by Escherichia coli. Colibactin causes DNA damage that may lead to colorectal cancer. Here we review recent advances in the study of colibactin and propose a focus on patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) who have higher levels of colibactin-producing bacteria in their intestines.