Zhang X, et al. Carcinogenesis 2020.
Dual oxidase 2 (DUOX2) is an important regulatory protein in the organic process of thyroid hormone iodine. Mounting evidence suggests that DUOX2 plays a crucial role in the occurrence and development of cancers. However, the function and mechanism of DUOX2 in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been fully clarified. In the present study, the relationship between the expression of DUOX2 and the clinicopathological features and prognosis of CRC patients was analyzed. Furthermore, the effects of DUOX2
on proliferation and invasion in vitro and in vivo were examined. DUOX2-associated proteins were identified by immunoprecipitation (IP). Next-generation sequencing (NGS) detection was performed to illustrate the mechanism of DUOX2 in CRC cells. It was found that the expression levels of DUOX2 in metastatic sites were significantly higher than those in primary tumor tissues, and this was demonstrated to be associated with poor prognosis. The knockdown of DUOX2 inhibited the invasion and migration of CRC cells. Furthermore, DUOX2 regulated the stability of ribosomal protein uL3 (RPL3) by affecting the ubiquitination status of RPL3, and the invasion and migration ability of DUOX2 can be reversed by the overexpression of RPL3. The downregulation of DUOX2 can affect the expression level of a large number of genes, and a number of these are enriched in the PI3K-AKT pathway. Some of the changes caused by DUOX2 can be reversed by RPL3. In summary, DUOX2 exhibits a significantly higher expression in CRC tumor samples, and facilitates the invasion and metastasis ability of CRC cells by interacting with RPL3.