Saleh M, et al. Oncologist 2020.
LESSONS LEARNED: The combination of the antivascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 monoclonal antibody, ramucirumab, and the type II MET kinase inhibitor, merestinib, is tolerable. Preliminary efficacy data suggest that the combination may provide clinical benefit to patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Further development of this combination would likely necessitate the identification of subsets of patients with mCRC where the clinical benefit is of clinical relevance.
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated safety, preliminary efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of ramucirumab plus merestinib in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) previously treated with oxaliplatin and/or irinotecan.
METHODS: Open-label phase Ia/b study comprising 3 + 3 dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) observation and expansion parts. Treatment was ramucirumab 8 mg/kg on days 1 and 15 and merestinib 80 mg once daily (QD; 28-day cycle). Primary objective was safety and tolerability. Secondary objectives were pharmacokinetics, preliminary antitumor activity. Exploratory objective was biomarker associations.
RESULTS: Safety findings: there was one case of DLT (proteinuria) out of 7 phase Ia patients (the expansion part started at the initial recommended dose level); 16 patients (70%) with grade ≥ 3 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs); 10 patients (43%) with grade ≥ 3 treatment-related TEAEs. Most common grade ≥ 3 treatment-related TEAEs were fatigue (4 patients [17%]) and increased blood alkaline phosphatase, diarrhea, and hypertension (all 2 patients [9%]). One patient discontinued treatment because of cholestatic hepatitis. Geometric mean trough concentrations at cycle 1, day 15 were ramucirumab, 24.8 mg/mL; merestinib, 130 ng/mL. No complete or partial response was seen; 12 patients (52%) achieved stable disease. Median progression-free survival was 3.3 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.6-4.4). Median overall survival was 8.9 months (95% CI: 3.5-12.7). There were no associations between genetic alterations and efficacy.
CONCLUSION: Ramucirumab plus merestinib is tolerable and may have clinical benefit in biomarker-unselected, heavily pretreated patients with mCRC.