Identification of novel advanced glycation end products receptor gene variants associated with colorectal cancer in Tunisians: a case-control study

Colorectal Cancer
17/06/2020

Bedoui SA, et al. Gene 2020.

ABSTRACT

A central role for advanced glycation end products (AGE) and their receptor (RAGE) in the pathogenesis of multiple cancer types, including colorectal cancer (CRC) was reported. We investigated the association between CRC and rs2853807, rs77170610, rs184003, rs1035798, rs2070600, rs1800684, rs1800624, and rs1800625 RAGE gene (AGER) polymorphic variants in. Study subjects comprised 293 CRC patients [186 colon cancer (CC) and 107 rectal cancer (RC)] patients), and 264 age-, gender-, BMI-, and


ethnicity-matched controls. Minor allele frequency (MAF) of rs77170610 and rs1800625 were significantly lower, while MAF of rs1035798 was significantly higher in CRC patients compared to control subjects, which was associated with reduced and increased risk of CRC, respectively; MAF of the remaining variants was comparable between CRC patients and controls. Significant difference in the distribution of rs2853807 and rs77170610 genotypes was seen between CRC patients and controls, with both variants associated with decreased risk of CRC. Comparison of the distribution of minor allele-carrying genotypes in CC and RC patient subgroups revealed lack of significant difference in the distribution of these genotypes between the patient subgroups. In view of the lack of LD between rs2853807 and rs77170610 with other variants, six-locus (rs184003, rs1035798, rs2070600, rs1800684, rs1800624, rs1800625) haplotypes were constructed. Haplotype analysis did not identify any specific 6-locus AGER haplotype associated with CRC. In conclusion, AGERgene rs2853807 and rs77170610 variants rs77170610are associated with altered risk of CRC in Tunisians, but with no discrimination between CC and RC types.