Kasthuri RS, et al. Res Pract Thromb Haemost 2020.
INTRODUCTION: We conducted a longitudinal study in patients with pancreatic and colorectal cancer. We determined the effect of chemotherapy on extracellular vesicle tissue factor (EVTF) activity and the association of plasma EVTF activity with venous thromboembolism (VTE) and survival.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 13 patients with pancreatic and 22 patients with colorectal cancer. Plasma samples were collected during the 85-day study period. Patients were followed for 3 months after the study period. We recorded symptomatic VTE during the study period (3 months) or asymptomatic deep vein thrombosis detected by ultrasound at day 85. We measured EVTF activity before and after chemotherapy.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: In the pancreatic cancer group, 2 patients had elevated levels of EVTF activity. One of these patients developed symptomatic VTE and died, and the second patient did not have a VTE but died. Chemotherapy decreased EVTF activity in 2 pancreatic patients with high levels. In the colorectal cancer group, 4 patients developed VTE, but EVTF activity was not elevated in any patient and no patient died. We observed a borderline significant correlation between EVTF activity and D-dimer in the patients with pancreatic but not colorectal cancer. In this small descriptive study, 2 patients with pancreatic cancer had an elevated level of EVTF activity. Both patients died during the study period, and one had a VTE. Chemotherapy decreased EVTF activity in these patients. In contrast, elevated levels of EVTF activity were not observed in patients with colorectal cancer with or without VTE.