Long noncoding RNA ARSR is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with colorectal cancer

Colorectal Cancer
19/06/2020

Li T, et al. J Gene Med 2020.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: As one of the leading cancer-related mortalities worldwide, colorectal cancer (CRC) shows resistance to chemotherapy mainly because of drug resistance. Existing evidence has revealed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are related to tumorigenesis and chemoresistance scenarios. However, the mechanism by which lncRNA induces chemoresistance and the postoperative prognosis of CRC remains unclear.

METHODS: The expression of a lncRNA named lncARSR in CRC tissue was tested, and its association with clinical and pathological features was analyzed. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function assays were conducted to investigate the role of lncARSR in vivo and in vitro.

RESULTS: Functional analysis showed that overexpressing lncARSR increased oxaliplatin (OXA) resistance of CRC cells in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, lncARSR conferred chemoresistance to CRC cells. Silencing lncARSR decreased cell viability and promoted cell apoptosis after OXA treatment, while overexpression of lncARSR increased cell viability and reduced cell apoptosis after OXA treatment. In addition, lncARSR overexpression induced the tumor formation capacity of colorectal cancer cells.

CONCLUSION: Our results showed that the upregulation of lncARSR promoted OXA resistance in CRC. Our results also implied that lncARSR may be a candidate marker for CRC chemoresistance.