Piccirillo MC, et al. Clin Colorectal Cancer 2020.
PURPOSE: To assess whether panitumumab is active in patients with cetuximab-refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients had pretreated RAS (renin-angiotensin system) wild-type mCRC that progressed after cetuximab treatment, after having shown either objective response or stable disease. A minimax two-stage design was applied, with progression-free rate at 2 months as the primary end point. At least 12 of 28 and 21 of 41 successes at the first and second stage, respectively, were required for a positive result. Panitumumab 6 mg/kg was provided every 2 weeks, until progression or unacceptable toxicity.
RESULTS: Overall, 52 patients with KRAS (Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene) wild-type disease were enrolled, but 11 were found to have mutated disease after all-RAS retesting. Among 41 eligible patients, median time since diagnosis was 38 months, and 71% experienced an objective response to previous cetuximab. First stage was passed with 12 of 28 patients alive without progression at 2 months. At the second stage, 17 of 41 patients were alive without progression at 2 months. At a median follow-up of 21.8 months, 35 patients experienced disease progression, and 26 died. Median progression-free survival was 2.1 months (95% confidence interval, 1.8-3.6) and median overall survival 6.8 months (95% confidence interval, 4.6-16.6). Most of the patients experienced no adverse reactions; 25% of patients had grade 3 rash.
CONCLUSION: According to our study design, panitumumab was not effective in patients with cetuximab-refractory RAS wild-type mCRC.